The paper’s main purpose is focusing on the reuse, expansion and intensification of the existing arable land in the European part of Russia. This paper displays Russia’s agricultural potential in the sphere if wheat production. The paper uses quantitative approach in displaying the current potential production of wheat (by using spatial distribution of the wheat production potentials) and future risk by using time series data of the current cultivated cropland and the abandoned crop land, as well as the agricultural yield gap estimates.
The paper then highlights the reasons and parameter that limits and constrains wheat production. These parameters are: the volatile inter-annual precipitation patterns and low applications of nitrogen fertilizers. It also indicates the risks of climate change in causing frequent recurrence of drought. The paper also displays the need of the local institutional and political reforms in order to achieve the desired production goals. It also touches base on the risks of international market conditions that are likely to impair the forecasted wheat production potential.
The results of the research quantify the output potential production of wheat and it was estimated to be between 9 and 32 million tons of extra wheat productions under optimum rainfall conditions. It also highlights the geographical location of the cropland with highest potentials laying down the reasons for such endowment.